Africa

Africa

 

54 Countries

30,2 Million km²

appr. 1 Billion Inhabitants

Biggest Cities: Lagos, Kinshasa, Cairo


Egypt

Egypt

1922-1952 Kingdom of Egypt

1953-1958 Republic of Egypt

1958-1971 United Arab Republic

since 1971 Arab Republic of Egypt

 

Algeria

Algeria

1519-1830 Ottoman Empire

1830-1962 French Colony

since 1962 Democratic People`s Republic of Algeria

Angola

Angola

1885-1951 Portuguese colony

1951-1975 Portuguese overseas province

1975-1995 Peoples Republic of Angola

since 1995 Republic of Angola

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea

1500-1778 Portuguese colony

1778-1963 Spanish colony

1963-1968 Home rule

since 1968 Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Ethiopia

Ethiopia

1974-1987 Socialist Republic of Ethiopia

1987-1995 Democratic Peoples Republic of Ethiopia

1995- Democratic Federal Republic of Ethiopia

Biafra

Biafra

until 1967 British West Africa

1967-1970 Republic of Biafra

since 1970 Part of the Federal Republic of Nigeria

Botswana

Botswana

until 1885 different Kingdoms of the Batswana

1885-1966 British Protectorate of Betschuanaland

since 1966 Republic of Botswana

Burundi

Burundi

until 1966 Kingdom of Burundi  (Ntare V. 1966)

since 1966 Republic of Burundi  (Republika y`Ubunrundi)

Djibouti

Djibouti

1946-1967 French overseas territory

1967-1977 French territory of the Afar and Issa

since 1977 Republic of Djibouti

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast

1893-1957 French West Africa

1957-1960 Self-Government

since 1960. Republic of Ivory Coast

Eritrea

Eritrea

1936-1947 Italian East Africa

1947-1997 Annexed from Ethiopia

since 1997 The State of Eritrea

Gabon

Gabon

1485-1839 Portuguese Occupation

1839-1958 French Equatorial Africa 

1958-1960 Limited autonomy

since 1960 Republic of Gabon

The Gambia

The Gambia

1843-1888 British possession

1888-1965 British crown colony

1965-1970 Commonwealth of Nations

since 1970 Republic of The Gambia

Ghana

Ghana

until 1957 British Crown Colony Gold Coast

1957-1960 Commonwealth of Nations

since 1960 Republic of Ghana

Guinea

Guinea

1904-1958 French West Africa

1958-1979 Republic of Guinea

1979-1984 People`s Revolutionary Republic of Guinea

since 1984 Republic of Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau

1879-1951 Portuguese Guinea

1951-1973 Overseas province

since 1973 Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Cape Verde Islands

Cape Verde Islands

1460-1951 Colony of Portugal

1951-1975 Overseas province of Portugal

since 1975 Independant State

Kenya

Kenya

until 1920 British protectorate Kenya

1920-1963 Crown Colony Kenya

since 1963 Republic of Kenya

Kerguelen Islands

Kerguelen Islands

since 1955 French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Terres australes et antarctiques françaises

Comoro Islands

Comoro Islands

1975-1978 State of the Comoros

1978-2001 Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros

since 2001 Union of the Comoros

Congo (Kinshasa)

Congo (Kinshasa)

1908-1960 Belgisch Congo

1960-1971 Kongo (Leopoldville/Kinshasa)

1971-1997 Republic of Zaire

since 1997 Democratic Republic of Kongo

Lesotho

Lesotho

1820-1868 King Moshoeshoe I.

1868-1966 British Crown Colony Basutoland

since 1966 Kingdom Lesotho

Liberia

Liberia

1822-1847 American Colonization Society 

since 1847 Republic of Liberia

also called Coast of Guinea or Pepper Coast

Libya

Libya

1977-1986 Libyan Arab Socialist People`s Republic

1986-2015 The Great Libyan Arab Socialist People`s Republic

since 2015 State of Libya

Madagascar

Madagascar

until 1958 French Colony

1958-1975 Madagascan Republic

1975-1992 Madagascan Democratic Republic

since 1992 Republic of Madagascar

Malawi

Malawi

until 1953 British protectorate Rhodesia and Nyasaland

1953-1965 Central African Federation

since 1966 Republic of Malawi

Mali

Mali

1893-1958 French West Africa

1958-1960 Federation of Mali (with Senegal)

since 1960 Republic of Mali

 

Marocco

Marocco

Kingdom of the Maghreb

1912-1927 Yussef

1927-1961 Mohammed V.

1961-1999 Hassan II.

seit 1999 Mohammed VI.

Mauritania

Mauritania

until 1946 French West Africa

1946-1957 French overseas departement

1957-1958 limited autonomy

since 1958 Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Mauritius

Mauritius

1598-1710 Dutch colony

1715-1810 French colony

1810-1968 English colony

1968-1992 Commonwealth of Nations

seit 1992 Republic of Mauritius

Mozambique

Mozambique

until 1951 Colony of Portugal

1951-1974 Overseas province 

1975-1990 Peoples Republic of Mozambique

since 1990 Republic of Mozambique

Namibia

Namibia

until 1920 Territory of the protectorate German South-West-Africa

1920-1990 Administration of Southafrica

since 1990 Republic of Namibia

Nigeria

Nigeria

until 1958 British West Africa

1958-1963 Federation of Nigeria

since 1963 Federal Republic of Nigeria

Rwanda

Rwanda

until 1961 Kingdom of Rwanda

1959-1961 King Kigeri V. Ndahindurwa

since 1961 Republic of Rwanda

Western Sahara

Western Sahara

1884-1958 Colony of Spain

1958-1975 Overseas province of Spain

since 1976 Democratic Arabic Republic of Sahara

since 1976 Morocco-held

Saint Helena

Saint Helena

1659 - 1834 British East India Company

1834 - 2009 British Crown Colony

since 2009 Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Zambia

Zambia

1923-1953 British Protectorate Rhodesia

1953-1963 Central African Federation

since 1964 Republic of Zambia

Saint Thomas and Prince Islands

Saint Thomas and Prince Islands

1470-1951 Colonia de Sao Tomé e Principe

1951-1975 Overseas province 

since 1975 Democratic Republic of Saint Thomas and Prince Island

Senegal

Senegal

1891-1958 French West Africa

1958-1960 Republic of Senegal

1960 Part of Mali Federation

since 1960 Republic of Senegal

Seychelles

Seychelles

1756 - 1794 French Colony

1794 - 1976 British Colony

since 1976 Republic of Seychelles (Repiblik Sesel)

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

1808-1961 British Crown Colony

1961-1971 Commonwealth of Nations

since 1971 Republic of Sierra Leone

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

1953-1963 Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

1964-1970 Rhodesia

1970-1979 Republic of Rhodesia

since 1980 Republic of Zimbabwe

Somalia

Somalia

1950-1960 Somalia

1960-1969 Republic of Somalia

1969-1991 Democratic Republic of Somalia

since 1991 Republic of Somalia

Somaliland

Somaliland

1884-1960 British Somaliland

1960-1991 Part of the Republic of Somalia

since 1991 Republic of Somaliland

South Africa

South Africa

1852-1902 Republic of South Africa

1902-1961 British crown colony

since 1961 Republic of South Africa

Currency: 1 Rand = 100 Cent

South Sudan

South Sudan

1956-1969 Republic of Sudan

1969-1985 Democratic Republic of Sudan

1985-2010 Part of Republic of Sudan

since 2011 Republic of South Sudan

Sudan

Sudan

1954-1956 Sudanese Government

1956-1969 Republic of Sudan

1969-1985 Democratic Republic of Sudan

since 1985 Republic of Sudan

Swaziland

Swaziland

1894-1906 Part of Transvaal

1906-1967 British Protectorate

1967-1968 Inner autonomy

since 1968 Kingdom of Swaziland

Tanzania

Tanzania

until 1918 German East Africa

1918-1964 British Mandate "Tanganyika Territoty"

since 1964 United Republic of Tanzania

Tunisia

Tunisia

1705 - 1957 Kingdom of Tunisia

since 1957 Republic of Tunisia

Currency: 1 Tunisian Dinar = 1000 Millimes

 

Uganda

Uganda

until 1920 British protectorate Uganda

1920-1962 British crown colony Uganda

since 1962 Republic of Uganda

West African States

West African States

until 1958 French West Africa

1958-1960 Self-administration

since 1960 Independant states and West-African currency union